Lesotho Highland Water Project


The Lesotho Highlands Water Project which started in 2004 and scheduled for completion in 2019 has been delayed numerous times and extended to 2025. The project aimed at long-term provision of water into the Vaal river system – Gauteng’s primary source of water – was halted several times due to direct interference into the tender process by the former Water and Sanitation Minister, Nomvula Mokonyane. OUTA has learned that the project meant to cost SA tax payers R15,5 billion is now being tabled at R26billion.

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OUTA is however concerned at a number of legal and regulatory transgressions that the City of Cape Town may committing in its application of the Drought Levy, along with the unintended consequences and […read more] … precedents that may emanate from this action, such as; (a) lost opportunities to hold national government structures to account and / or provide the necessary funds for water augmentation; (b) enabling other towns and cities to apply similar levies and taxes without following due process.


  • Delays in the completion date will result in severe water shortages in Gauteng. Water experts are warning that water shortages are due long before 2024 as the flattening of the water demand curve is not happening. Excessive water losses and unaccounted-for water can lead to water shortages within the next few years.
  • Implementation delays will make the project more expensive- and eventually cost tax payers much more. Cost overruns can become a heavy burden on taxpayers and make the water from LHWP 2 unaffordable.

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  • The lack of an independent water and economic regulator for water pricing means that unlike electricity where NERSA is doing its best to contain electricity prices it remains anyone’s guess how the LHWP 2 tariffs will be determined.
  • Inefficient contracts and corruption can further add to delays and costs. LHWP Phase 1 was tainted by a tender and contract scandal and although the culprits were successfully prosecuted, appropriate measures should be taken to prevent a recurrence.
  • Poor management of the current Vaal River system- this is a complex system with many dams, pump stations and inter basin transfers from catchments such as Usuthu, Thukela and Orange to the Vaal as well as exports to the Crocodile and Olifants. Ad hoc decisions by inexperienced managers and political pressure can result in sub-optimal water use and Gauteng running far earlier into a crisis.
  • Unlawful abstraction by irrigation farmers in stretch between Katse Dam and Vaal Dam using the water paid for by Gauteng water users.
  • Former Minister Mokonyane denied the claims about the engineering firm LTE, but not the delay in implementation of Phase 2. She blamed the delay on a resistance to what she called transformation, and said the culture against historically disadvantaged individuals needed to be eradicated. This was also the reason provided for the replacement of the Director General of the Trans Caledon Tunnel Authority (TCTA), Dr. Zodwa Dlamini, with someone more aligned with the interests of the Minister and her political party, Bheki Nkosi.
  • By delaying the LHWP II in 2016, the Minister has cost the taxpayer approximately R2bn, without being held accountable for a single cent.


To take action on the delays regarding the Lesotho Highland Water Project by applying local and international pressure on the Minister.

OUTA is also investigating its legal options to hold the former Minister to account.